Guan-Yin, The Goddess of Mercy The Goddess of Mercy, popularly revered as Guan Shi-Yin, which is a name directly translated from Its original Indian-  Sanskrit term – Kuan meaning deep and empathizing thoughts; Shi meaning this world of unfulfilled wants and unending  sadness in which we live; Yin meaning all human voices especially our outcries of grievances.  According to Buddhist scriptures, Guan Shi-Yin has thirty-three different incarnations. However, Her most familiar  physical appearance as the female Goddess of Mercy who is revered by followers had its roots in 3rd Century B.C… at the  end of the Zhou Dynasty during the Xing-Lin Kingdom, as its King Miao-Zhuang’s third princess Miao-Shan.  Olden text has it that on the 19th day of the 2nd month, in the eighteenth year of the Xing-Lin Kingdom. King Miao-  Zhuang was surprised by the full blossoming of every water lily in the Royal Garden, and as he pondered for a reason,  palace attendants came with news of the Queen’s giving birth to a princess, who was named Princess Miao-Shan,  meaning “miraculously kind-hearted”.  Princess Miao-Shan grew up with independent thoughts, rejecting the King’s proposals for match-made marriages, as she  wanted to dedicate her whole life to learning the religious scriptures to help lighten the sufferings of human beings, and  she eventually left the Royal Palace for the monastery.  In a fit of anger, King Miao-Zhuang ordered the monastery burned to ground, none of the monks survived, but Princess  Miao-Shan emerged unscathed. The King then instructed Palace Guards to decapitate the Princess, but their steel blades  broke in half, and when she was ordered hanged, the noose tore. When a ferocious white tiger was let loose on her, it  carried her on its back and left the Palace for safer ground.  Afterwards, Princess Miao-Shan was placed under the tutelage of His Holiness the Amithaba Buddha to practice the  virtues of Buddhism, and she eventually achieved enlightenment on the peak of Mount Pu-Tuo.  Years later, on hearing that her father, King Miao-Zhuang was seriously ill, Princess Miao-Shan hastily returned to her  father’s side. And in an act of ultimate sacrifice, the Princess severed her own two arms and gouge out both her eyes, in  order to save her father’s life. From then on Princess Miao-Shan’s act of filial piety, her moral conduct and the miracles  attributed her, became known to all corners of the land and followers from all over came forward to pay their tribute.  Thus, Princess Miao-Shan was popularly revered as Guan Shi-Yin – The Goddess of Mercy, and the Saviour of the  Under-privileged.